Increased utilisation of cleaner energy sources and energy carriers are seen as part of the solution to international challenges related to securing energy supplies, and reducing CO2 emissions and other environmental impacts of the growing international energy consumption.

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Hydrogen Refuelling Station in Berlin

Hydrogen as an energy carrier has the potential to make significant contributions to long term diversification of energy sources and development of sustainable alternatives to oil and gas, and hence assist in securing national energy supplies. At the same time hydrogen produced from renewable energy sources or from natural gas with carbon capture and storage can contribute significantly to long term emission reductions and reduced environmental loads from the growing transport sector.

To facilitate the development of hydrogen as an energy carrier, barriers related to safety, safety perception and lacking regulatory framework must be overcome.

In the part EC funded HyApproval project, DNV cooperate with more that 20 European and non-European (China, Japan and USA) partners to develop a best practice European Handbook for Hydrogen Refuelling Stations to facilitate the until now rather complex and unpredictable process of reaching approval of Hydrogen Refuelling Stations. Major DNV contributions to HyApproval include undertaking Quantitative Risk Assessment Studies supporting the development of the Handbook.